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Lateral dynamics and associated transport of sediment in the upper reaches of a partially mixed estuary, Chesapeake Bay, USA

Title: Lateral dynamics and associated transport of sediment in the upper reaches of a partially mixed estuary, Chesapeake Bay, USA.
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Name(s): Fugate, David, author
Friedrichs, Carl T., author
Sanford, Lawrence T., author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Article
Issuance: monographic
Date Issued: 2007-03-01
Extent: 1 online resource
Language(s): English
eng
Summary: Data from time series of transects made over a tidal period across a section of the upper Chesapeake Bay, USA, reveal the influence of lateral dynamics on sediment transport in an area with a deep channel and broad extents of shallower flanks. Contributions to lateral momentum by rotation (Coriolis plus channel curvature), cross channel density gradients and cross channel surface slope were estimated, and the friction and acceleration terms needed to complete the balance were compared to patterns of observed lateral circulation. During ebb, net rotation effects were larger because of river velocity and reinforcement of Coriolis by curvature. During flood, stratification was greater because of landward advection of strong vertical density gradients. Together, the ebb intensified lateral circulation and flood intensified stratification focused sediment and sediment transport along the left side of the estuary (looking seaward). The tendency for greater stratification on flood and net sediment flux toward the left-hand shoal are contrary to more common models which, in the northern hemisphere, predict greater resuspension on flood and move sediment toward the right-hand shoal. These tidal asymmetries interact with the lateral circulation to focus net sediment flux on the left side of the estuary, and to produce net ebb directed sediment transport at the surface of the same order of magnitude as net flood directed sediment transport at the bottom.
Identifier: fgcu_ir_000992 (IID)
Note(s): The publisher's version of the article is available at https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2006.11.012
Subject(s): Sediment dynamics
Transverse circulation
Momentum balance
Chesapeake Bay
Sediment transport.
Estuaries.
Estuarine ecology.
Links: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2006.11.012
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fgcu/fd/fgcu_ir_000992
Use and Reproduction: Copyright held by publisher.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FGCU
Has Part: Continental Shelf Research.