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Evolution of Heterogeneous Mixed Siliciclastic/Carbonate Aquifers Containing Metastable Sediments

Title: Evolution of Heterogeneous Mixed Siliciclastic/Carbonate Aquifers Containing Metastable Sediments.
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Name(s): Franco, Daniel, author
Coulibaly, Kapo, author
Kunberger, Tanya, author
Kinzli, Kristoph-Dietrich, author
Arbelaez, Sebastian, author
Missimer, Thomas M., author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Article
Date Issued: 2017-05-10
Language(s): English
Abstract: Mixed carbonate and siliciclastic marine sediments commonly become freshwater aquifers in eastern coastal regions of the United States and many other global locations. As these deposits age, the carbonate fraction of the sediment is commonly removed by dissolution and the aquifer can become a solely siliciclastic system or contain zones or beds of pure quartz sand. During aquifer evolution, the sediment grain size characteristics, hydraulic conductivity, and porosity change. An investigation of these changes using mixed carbonate/siliciclastic sediment samples collected from a modern barrier island beach in southern Florida showed that the average mean grain diameter decreased with removal of the carbonate fraction, but the average hydraulic conductivity and porosity increased slightly, but not to statistical significance. This counterintuitive result occurs because of the change in the pore types from a combined shelter and intergranular pore system producing a dual porosity system in the mixed sediments to a single intergranular pore system in the siliciclastic sediment fraction. Within the mixed carbonate/siliciclastic sediment, in the pure carbonate fraction, large shell fractions form grain‐supported large pores, which become filled with sand‐sized quartz as the shell fragments decrease in size or as the sediment becomes compacted. The hydraulic conductivity increases because the shell fragments that were oriented perpendicular to flow caused an increase in the length of the flow path, or a larger scale tortuosity, compared with the flow through pure quartz sand.
Identifier: 10.1111/gwat.12529 (doi), fgcu_ir_001005 (IID), http://doi.wiley.com/10.1111/gwat.12529 (uri)
Note(s): Article available at https://doi.org/10.1111/gwat.12529
Subject(s): Sediments (Geology)
Florida.
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fgcu/flvc_fgcu_islandoraimporter_10.1111_gwat.12529_1550525525
Use and Reproduction: Copyright held by National Ground Water Association.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FGCU
Is Part Of: Groundwater.
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