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Cartel Crisis: The Rise of Mexican Drug Cartels and the Intensification of Violence in Mexico Since 2006

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Date Issued:
2017
Summary:
This research focuses on the extent to which democratization, political corruption, and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) contributed to the escalation of violence from drug cartels following Calderon's declaration of war on cartels. This research evaluates those three sociopolitical factors in order to determine which variable is the strongest predictor of the intensification of violence in Mexico. The investigation specifically deals with the relationship between the crackdown on drug cartels in 2006 and the subsequent strengthening of the cartels, examining the following questions: Why have Mexican drug trafficking organizations grown in power and increased in violence since Calderon's declaration of war on drug cartels? How does competition (or lack thereof) affect the violence of drug cartels in Mexico? What circumstances are contributing to the rising phenomenon of undocumented immigration from Mexico to the United States? In order to examine the research questions, a case study methodology is carried out to collect, study, and synthesize information from primary and secondary sources, such as books that contain firsthand accounts from individuals who witnessed the violence of cartels on the streets of Mexico and peer-reviewed journal articles that address the escalation of violence since the campaign against cartels. This research is significant because thousands of Mexicans have lost their lives because of the ongoing drug war since Calderon launched the crackdown. The violence is consequently impacting the flow of undocumented immigrants across the United States-Mexico border as individuals flee their homeland. Therefore, this subject matter is not only relevant to the Mexican government, but to the U.S. government as well because of potential spillover effects. After reviewing all three variables, the findings are that the issue at hand is explained by a series of interacting causes: former Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI) leadership, the ongoing process of democratization, and NAFTA. An increase in competition among, and within, drug cartels has directly contributed to the recent increase in violence as the former plaza system under the PRI set the stage for a massive catastrophe once the cartel problem was closely addressed by Calderón and other democratic leaders.
Title: Cartel Crisis: The Rise of Mexican Drug Cartels and the Intensification of Violence in Mexico Since 2006.
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Name(s): Zekri, Iman, author
FGCU Research Day
Type of Resource: text
Issuance: single unit
Date Issued: 2017
Physical Form: PDF
Language(s): English
eng
Summary: This research focuses on the extent to which democratization, political corruption, and the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) contributed to the escalation of violence from drug cartels following Calderon's declaration of war on cartels. This research evaluates those three sociopolitical factors in order to determine which variable is the strongest predictor of the intensification of violence in Mexico. The investigation specifically deals with the relationship between the crackdown on drug cartels in 2006 and the subsequent strengthening of the cartels, examining the following questions: Why have Mexican drug trafficking organizations grown in power and increased in violence since Calderon's declaration of war on drug cartels? How does competition (or lack thereof) affect the violence of drug cartels in Mexico? What circumstances are contributing to the rising phenomenon of undocumented immigration from Mexico to the United States? In order to examine the research questions, a case study methodology is carried out to collect, study, and synthesize information from primary and secondary sources, such as books that contain firsthand accounts from individuals who witnessed the violence of cartels on the streets of Mexico and peer-reviewed journal articles that address the escalation of violence since the campaign against cartels. This research is significant because thousands of Mexicans have lost their lives because of the ongoing drug war since Calderon launched the crackdown. The violence is consequently impacting the flow of undocumented immigrants across the United States-Mexico border as individuals flee their homeland. Therefore, this subject matter is not only relevant to the Mexican government, but to the U.S. government as well because of potential spillover effects. After reviewing all three variables, the findings are that the issue at hand is explained by a series of interacting causes: former Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI) leadership, the ongoing process of democratization, and NAFTA. An increase in competition among, and within, drug cartels has directly contributed to the recent increase in violence as the former plaza system under the PRI set the stage for a massive catastrophe once the cartel problem was closely addressed by Calderón and other democratic leaders.
Identifier: fgcu_UGR_0010 (IID)
Note(s): Poster from the Spring 2017 Research Day. Research Mentor: Dr. Richard Coughlin.
Subject(s): Drug cartels
drug trafficking organizations
Calderón
drug war
Violence.
Democratization.
North American Free Trade Agreement (1992 December 17)
NAFTA.
Partido Revolucionario Institucional.
PRI
Mexico
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fgcu/fd/fgcu_UGR_0010
Use and Reproduction: In Copyright - Educational Use Permitted In Copyright - Educational Use Permitted
Owner Institution: FGCU

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