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Dengue virus antibodies enhance Zika virus infection

Title: Dengue virus antibodies enhance Zika virus infection.
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Name(s): Paul, Lauren M, author
Carlin, Eric R, author
Jenkins, Meagan M, author
Tan, Amanda L, author
Barcellona, Carolyn M, author
Nicholson, Cindo O, author
Michael, Scott F, author
Isern, Sharon, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Article
Date Issued: 2016-12-16
Abstract: For decades, human infections with Zika virus (ZIKV), a mosquito-transmitted flavivirus, were sporadic, associated with mild disease, and went underreported since symptoms were similar to other acute febrile diseases. Recent reports of severe disease associated with ZIKV have greatly heightened awareness. It is anticipated that ZIKV will continue to spread in the Americas and globally where competent Aedes mosquito vectors are found. Dengue virus (DENV), the most common mosquito-transmitted human flavivirus, is both well-established and the source of outbreaks in areas of recent ZIKV introduction. DENV and ZIKV are closely related, resulting in substantial antigenic overlap. Through antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE), anti-DENV antibodies can enhance the infectivity of DENV for certain classes of immune cells, causing increased viral production that correlates with severe disease outcomes. Similarly, ZIKV has been shown to undergo ADE in response to antibodies generated by other flaviviruses. We tested the neutralizing and enhancing potential of well-characterized broadly neutralizing human anti-DENV monoclonal antibodies (HMAbs) and human DENV immune sera against ZIKV using neutralization and ADE assays. We show that anti-DENV HMAbs, cross-react, do not neutralize, and greatly enhance ZIKV infection in vitro. DENV immune sera had varying degrees of neutralization against ZIKV and similarly enhanced ZIKV infection. Our results suggest that pre-existing DENV immunity may enhance ZIKV infection in vivo and may lead to increased disease severity. Understanding the interplay between ZIKV and DENV will be critical in informing public health responses and will be particularly valuable for ZIKV and DENV vaccine design and implementation strategies.
Identifier: 10.1038/cti.2016.72 (doi), fgcu_ir_000083 (IID), http://doi.wiley.com/10.1038/cti.2016.72 (uri)
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fgcu/flvc_fgcu_islandoraimporter_10.1038_cti.2016.72_1521571182
Use and Reproduction: publisher
Owner Institution: FGCU
Is Part Of: Clinical & Translational Immunology.
2050-0068