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A Reconstruction of Past Intense Hurricane Landfalls in Estero Bay Utilizing Back-Barrier Lagoonal Sediments

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Date Issued:
2018-08-24
Abstract/Description:
As hurricanes are one of nature’s most destructive forces, patterns in the recurrence intervals of intense hurricane landfalls are important to understand. Unfortunately, the modern instrumental record exists only as far back as 1860, which does not allow for geologically long-term hurricane trends to be studied. Paleotempestology is the study of ancient hurricane by means of sediment proxies, which allows for the hurricane record to be extended to before the modern record. Utilizing sediment cores that contain hurricane overwash layers (tempestites), the occurrence of hurricanes can be confirmed using moisture content, inorganic content, grain size analysis, and radiometric dating. Estero Bay is in a hurricane prone and extremely populated area. The recurrence interval for catastrophic hurricanes and the strength of the storm surge of hurricanes in this area is important to determine. This study utilizes paleotempestology to extend the hurricane record of Estero Bay and create a timeline for catastrophic hurricanes that have made landfall here. Additionally, this study serves to create a comprehensive guide to tempestite types found in Estero Bay and Southwest Florida. Hurricane Irma also occurred during the study period which allowed for the unique opportunity to study the tempestite deposition from a hurricane in which all parameters are known. Four confirmed tempestites from two sites ranging in age from 60-2000 years before present (YBP) were identified and classified. Additionally, characteristics and long-term trends of Estero Bay back-barrier lagoons were determined. This study is only the second paleotempestology study in Southwest Florida and the first which investigates an area that directly affects tens of thousands of people.
Title: A Reconstruction of Past Intense Hurricane Landfalls in Estero Bay Utilizing Back-Barrier Lagoonal Sediments.
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Name(s): Culligan, Nicholas, author
Type of Resource: text
Genre: Thesis
Issuance: single unit
Date Issued: 2018-08-24
Physical Form: PDF
Extent: 178 pgs.
Language(s): English
eng
Abstract/Description: As hurricanes are one of nature’s most destructive forces, patterns in the recurrence intervals of intense hurricane landfalls are important to understand. Unfortunately, the modern instrumental record exists only as far back as 1860, which does not allow for geologically long-term hurricane trends to be studied. Paleotempestology is the study of ancient hurricane by means of sediment proxies, which allows for the hurricane record to be extended to before the modern record. Utilizing sediment cores that contain hurricane overwash layers (tempestites), the occurrence of hurricanes can be confirmed using moisture content, inorganic content, grain size analysis, and radiometric dating. Estero Bay is in a hurricane prone and extremely populated area. The recurrence interval for catastrophic hurricanes and the strength of the storm surge of hurricanes in this area is important to determine. This study utilizes paleotempestology to extend the hurricane record of Estero Bay and create a timeline for catastrophic hurricanes that have made landfall here. Additionally, this study serves to create a comprehensive guide to tempestite types found in Estero Bay and Southwest Florida. Hurricane Irma also occurred during the study period which allowed for the unique opportunity to study the tempestite deposition from a hurricane in which all parameters are known. Four confirmed tempestites from two sites ranging in age from 60-2000 years before present (YBP) were identified and classified. Additionally, characteristics and long-term trends of Estero Bay back-barrier lagoons were determined. This study is only the second paleotempestology study in Southwest Florida and the first which investigates an area that directly affects tens of thousands of people.
Identifier: fgcu_ETD_0259 (IID)
Note(s): Degree Awarded: Master of Science
Subject(s): Climate Change
Estero Bay
Hurricanes
Paleotempestology
Southwest Florida
Tempestite
Persistent Link to This Record: http://purl.flvc.org/fgcu/fd/fgcu_ETD_0259
Use and Reproduction: Creator holds copyright.
Use and Reproduction: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
Host Institution: FGCU